The Origin of Symmetry and Beauty in the Universe
Saturday, October 16, 2010
Media link: http://www.worldsci.org/videos/dimdim/event_359_dimdim.flvVideo Conference 2010-10-16 (2 years 7 months ago)
In the past there were many known force laws, i.e. Newton?s Force of Inertia, Newton?s Universal Force of Gravitation, the electric force, the magnetic force, the weak nuclear force for nuclear decay, and the strong nuclear force between nucleons. At first the notion of a universal force and universal symmetry was lacking, but with the combination of the electric and magnetic forces into the electrodynamic force and then the combination of the weak nuclear force with the electrodynamic force into the electroweak force, scientists began to think that perhaps there was a universal force. In recent years efforts have been made to develop a string theory of elementary particles in which all the forces of nature are expressed in terms of the forces between 26-dimensional strings or perhaps 10 or 11 dimensional super-symmetric strings. Here the main effort has been to combine the force of gravity, based on Einstein?s General Theory of Relativity, with the electromagnetic, weak and strong forces which obey quantum mechanics. So far this work has lead to a number of theories, but none have stood out as ?the unique theory?. Each of the candidate theories has slightly different symmetry properties. In this presentation the chiral symmetry properties of the universe are predicted from an axiomatically derived universal electrodynamic force law for a three-dimensional universe. This symmetry can be observed on all size scales from the smallest elementary particle, to the atom, to the nucleus, to the molecule, to the solar system, and to the structure of the universe as a whole. It is found in inanimate crystals, such as snowflakes, and living things, such as organic molecules, leaf patterns, seed patterns, snail shells, etc. The evidence for chiral symmetry in nature is shown using pictures. Neither quantum mechanics nor relativity theory fully possesses chiral symmetry. An argument will be made that symmetry can be used to discredit false scientific theories. Finally an argument will be made that chiral symmetry is the source of beauty in nature.